Health literacy is the ability to obtain, read, understand, and use healthcare information in order to make appropriate health decisions and follow instructions for treatment.

Health literacy is closely linked to literacy and include people’ knowledge, motivation, and competencies, to access, understand, appraise, and apply health information to promote their health and the health of those they love in their communities.

To be health literate, one must possess the reading, listening, reasoning and problem solving skills necessary to make informed choices about healthcare and health.












Patients with low health literacy understand less about their medical conditions, treatments and overall report worse health status. Health literacy is relevant for making decisions in everyday life in terms of healthcare, disease prevention, and health promotion. It is essential for maintaining and improving the quality of life during the life course.

However, research shows that people with limited health literacy have a hard time comprehending health information; for example, understanding and utilizing appointment slips, medication labels, vaccination guidelines, health education material, insurance applications and general health information provided by health professionals, the media or the internet.

According to an Institute of Medicine (2004) report, low health literacy negatively affects the treatment outcome and safety of care delivery. People with low health literacy understand less about their medical conditions, treatments and overall report worse health status.









Several factors may influence health literacy. However, the following factors have been shown to strongly increase this risk: age (especially patients 65 years and older), limited English language proficiency or English as a second language, less education, and lower socioeconomic status. 

The risk of limited health literacy is even higher and disproportionate in certain demographic group, for example, among people with long term illness, low education or general literacy, financial difficulties, ethnic minorities, and individuals facing homelessness.

These populations have a higher risk of hospitalization, longer hospital stays, are less likely to comply with treatment, and more likely to make errors with medication. 








Various interventions, such as simplifying information and illustrations, avoiding jargon, using “teach-back ” methods, and encouraging patients’ questions, have improved health behaviors in persons with low health literacy.

Decreasing the complexity within healthcare and social system and making it easier for citizens to navigate them. Supporting initiatives that improve health literacy particularly among the most vulnerable group affected by limited health literacy. Increasing effort to support professionals and people to become co-managers of health and lead the way to a healthier society. 

Society as a whole is responsible for improving health literacy. Most importantly, improving health literacy is the responsibility of healthcare and public health professionals and systems.









We believe that health literacy is a big challenge in Nigeria and across Africa. We understand that one of the measures to improve health literacy is to ensure that quality health information is easily accessible in an easy-to-comprehend format by the citizens. 

That is why we built our solution to deliver health information in a streamlined, bit sizes, jargon-free text, coupled with images, video to educate the population on diseases, medications, prevention, and other health information so as to complement the efforts of the healthcare providers.

By integrating this information with their healthcare need (especially in drug therapy), providing management tools, and personalizing it for non-medical professionals, it will improve overall treatment outcome and quality of life.

As information empowers people to make the right health decisions, we are also working to increase patient access to primary care providers and other health professionals for consultation and management through optimization of virtual care services.

With our collaborative efforts, we can improve the support to people and professionals to become co-managers of health and lead the way to a healthier society. By empowering people with information, they become more proactive in making appropriate health decisions for themselves and their loved ones, living a long and healthy life. 

Pre-Signup for Cardium

Cardium is a mobile app where drug consumers have access to streamline drug counselling information in a form of drug reference text for non medical professionals.

We don’t just manage your medications, we educate and remind you on the way to effectively use them!

Pre-signup today to benefits from the promotion we have for our early signups!

Enter your email and click on signup button below.

What is drug therapy all about?

Drug therapy also called pharmacotherapy is a general term for using medication to treat disease. It is the widest of therapy use globally.

The method of administration for drug therapy varies depending on the patient and the condition being treated. Medications may be taken orally in pill, capsule or liquid form, or may be injected into the tissues or muscles.

Medications are heavily researched and tested before being prescribed to patients, but may have unanticipated effects when combined with certain foods, herbal remedies, other drugs on even when use properly.

Drugs usually have single beneficial effects (e.g. the reduction of blood pressure(BP) by an ACE inhibitor in a patient with hypertension), but can have several adverse effects (e.g. hypotension, cough, hyperkalaemia, angio-oedema), each with a lower individual incidence than the beneficial effect.



As a function of eradicating disease, many drugs carry side effects which can be minor or at times severe. Here goes the saying “All drugs are poison, the benefit depends on the dosage.”

For optimal treatment outcome and to achieve the desired treatment goals with drug therapy, the healthcare providers need to inform the patient with at least a bare drug information which is referred to as counseling. The counseling information could be in written, verbal or combination of both.




Cardium is a mobile application that provides drug-counseling information as a drug-reference text for non-medical professionals.

Cardium provides consumers of medicine with a streamlined and concise information about medicines, dosages forms, diseases, mode of administration, and other health-related information.

This information will be easily access by the users or patients either to remind them or make them aware of them.

It is also equipped with other therapy aids such as a user-friendly medication reminder system, medication tracker and inventory, lifestyle management, counseling on special formulation, multidevice support feature and more…




Most medical reference text(if not all) are designed for healthcare professionals and are not suitable for drug consumers or patient use.

For consumers, too much drug information can be  harmful as it predispose them to self medication and too little information can cause treatment failure.

Pharmacist, Doctor, and nurses cannot deliver all the counseling information and patient cannot remember all even if they do, in drug therapy.

You can’t have the best treatment outcome if you can’t remember how best to take your medications.

  • A source of secondary reminder about counseling information from healthcare providers in drug therapy.
  • A source of drug-related information to help translate relevant drug terms to consumers.
  • It help patient to take more responsibility for their well-being.
  • Decrease hospital visit and morbidity due to treatment failure.
  • A reminder system that remind on medication, lifestyle, and measurement.
  • A tracker system that track medication consumption, and other health-related appointments.


  • This solution will reduce the information burden on healthcare providers.
  • Serve as a source of reference in settings with high patient-to healthcare provider ratio for drug therapy.
  • It facilitates better comprehension between the healthcare provider and the patient.
  • It does not support or promote self-medication by its design model.
  • It improves social, economic, & therapeutic outcome for the patient.



Pre-Signup for Cardium

Be the first to know when we launch Cardium. Enter your email and click on signup button below.